ANANAS SAMBHARE

(PINEAPPLE CURRY)

A Pathare Prabhu meal is incomplete without a coconut milk based curry……. No Pathare Prabhu wedding feast is complete without this wonderful sweet & spicy Ananas Sambhare…….. Ananas means pineapple…… This delicious fruit contains disease fighting antioxidants, helps in digestion, suppresses inflammation, boosts immunity, etc……. Coconut milk has many benefits too…… It strengthens the bones, helps prevent anemia, improves digestion, boosts the immune system, has antibacterial, antiviral & antifungal properties, etc.

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INGREDIENTS : 200 gms chopped pineapple, 2 green chillies, 1/4 tsp turmeric powder, a pinch of asafoetida, 1 tbsp besan (gram flour), 1 cup coconut milk, 3 tsp sugar, Salt to taste, water, 1 tsp oil.

DIRECTIONS : Chop the pineapple……. Slit one green chilli…. Chop the other green chilli in thin slices………20180819_002343.jpg Mix besan with 3 tbsp water to make thick smooth paste……20180819_002450.jpg Heat oil on a medium flame…… Add slit green chilli and a pinch of asafoetida….. After a few seconds add the pineapple pieces & turmeric powder……20180819_002606.jpg Sauté…….. Add 1 & 1/2 cup water and stir……..20180819_002728.jpg Simmer till pineapple pieces soften…….. Mix in sugar and salt…..20180813_132328.jpg Simmer….. Now mix in the besan paste stirring constantly but lightly to prevent any lump formation………20180819_002959.jpg Add coconut milk…..20180813_132607.jpg Stir…..20180819_003302.jpg The moment it simmers, put off the flame…….. Garnish with thinly sliced green chillies…….. Serve hot with steamed rice.

NOTES : Adjust green chillies according to taste……. Can add cashewnuts – for this add cashewnuts while sautéing pineapple pieces…… One can adjust consistency of the gravy, according to taste, by increasing/decreasing water/coconut milk.

HIRVE KAALVAN

(FRESH CORIANDER & COCONUT CURRY)

Hirve Kaalvan is a mild and creamy curry…… This curry is very easy to make…… It goes very well with fried items (vegetables, fish,etc.) and rice…… Can be used as a dip…… Coriander is a herb with various health benefits…… It aids in digestion, regulates blood pressure, lowers cholesterol levels, maintains normal blood sugar levels, etc. 20180819_002207.jpg

INGREDIENTS : 1 small bunch of Coriander leaves, 1/4 cup grated coconut, 1-2 green chillies, a pinch of turmeric powder, 1 tsp cumin seeds, 200 ml coconut milk, salt to taste, 1 tsp rice flour.

DIRECTIONS : Mix rice flour in 1/4 cup coconut milk stirring continuously……… 20180819_001357.jpgAdd this to rest of the coconut milk…… Whisk to make sure there are no lumps…… 20180819_001042.jpgGrind coriander leaves, grated coconut, green chillies, cumin and salt to a fine paste……20180819_001211.jpgPour the rice flour mixed coconut milk in a pan and heat it on a low flame continuously stirring….. Add a pinch of turmeric powder……20180819_001525.jpgStir……. Add the ground green paste…….20180813_134605.jpg Stir continuously…… 20180819_001844.jpgWhen it is about to come to a boil, turn off the gas…… Serve with steaming hot rice and fried fish/vegetables.

NOTE : A pinch of turmeric brings out the green colour of the curry…… Green chillies can be increased according to taste….. Can be served with a slice of lemon.

PATHARE PRABHU STYLE SHEKTACHYA SHENGA BHAJI

Pathare Prabhu name for Drumsticks is Shektachya Shenga……. Drumsticks are pods of the tree Moringa oleifera….. This superfood is considered to be therapeutic with a very high nutrition content……… Drumsticks are beneficial for fighting cold & flu, digestive disorders, lung problems, glowing skin, strong bones, avoiding infections, improving nervous & immune system, reducing diabetic level, etc….. One should choose plump and fleshy drumsticks for cooking.

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INGREDIENTS : 2-3 drumsticks, 1 onion, 1/4 tsp cumin, a pinch of asafoetida, 1/2 tsp turmeric powder, 1-2 tsp red chilli powder, 1 tsp Prabhi sambhar masala, 2-3 tsp sugar, salt to taste, 1-2 tsp oil, 1/2 cup water, coconut, coriander leaves.

DIRECTIONS : Peel the tough green outer layer of the drumsticks…….. Cut into finger sized pieces………20180811_125322.jpg Finely chop the onion and coriander leaves……. Grate the coconut……. Heat oil…… Add cumin and asafoetida……. When the cumin splutters add chopped onions…….. Stir fry till the onions are translucent…….. Now add turmeric powder, red chilli powder, Prabhi sambhar masala, sugar, salt and the drumstick pieces……..20180811_220655.jpg Stir and add water……..20180811_220829.jpg Cover and cook…….20180811_220931.jpg When it is almost done add grated coconut and chopped coriander leaves…….20180811_221224.jpg Cover and cook again for a few more minutes……..20180811_225233.jpg Serve hot with rice/ chapatis.

NOTE : This dish is little sweetish…… One can adjust sugar according to taste……. Also adjust chilli powder according to taste.

APPE

Appe are small and sweet and is made with semolina……… Pathare Prabhus generally make them during varIous festivals…….. Appe get their unique look due to being cooked in appe pan that has depressions…… Delicious appe can be served as dessert or can be had as snacks with tea or coffee.20180719_230937.jpg

INGREDIENTS : 1 cup Semolina, 1 cup milk, 1/2 cup sugar, 3 tsp ghee, 1 tsp poppy seeds, a pinch of cardamom powder, a pinch of nutmeg powder, few raisins, oil for frying.

DIRECTIONS : Soak semolina in warm milk for at least an hour……. Now add sugar, ghee, poppy seeds, cardamom powder, nutmeg powder and raisins…….20180706_164302.jpg Gently mix the batter…… Leave aside the batter for at least half an hour……. Batter should be of dropping consistency.20180719_230446.jpg

Heat oil in the appe pan……..20180719_230635.jpg Drop batter in the depressions and fry on low flame…… When the appe’s lower surface becomes golden brown, turn them so as to fry the upper surface…..20180719_230746.jpg Serve hot.20180719_230835.jpg

NOTE : Increase/decrease sugar according to taste……. If required, add milk to batter to get dropping consistency…… Can add chopped dry fruits according to taste.

PRABHI SAMBHAR MASALA

Central to the Pathare Prabhu Cuisine is the Prabhi Sambhar Masala…….. This aromatic spice mixture enhances the taste of dishes when added…… Each family of this community have their own traditional recipe of this masala which is generally a closely guarded secret.

Prabhi Sambhar Masala can be made easily at home.20180718_003619.jpg

INGREDIENTS : 2 tbsp Chana Dal (Bengal split gram), 2 tbsp Wheat, 1 1/2 tbsp Cumin, 8 tbsp Coriander, 1/2 tsp Fenugreek, 1 1/2 tbsp Black mustard, 1 pinch Asafoetida powder, 1 tsp Turmeric powder, 1 tsp black peppercorns, 15-20 Red chillies.20180718_003311.jpg

DIRECTIONS : Excluding asafoetida powder and turmeric powder, dry roast all the remaining ingredients…….. Cool……… Now add asafoetida and turmeric powders…….. Grind the spice mixture to a fine powder…….20180718_100415.jpg Prabhi Sambhar Masala is ready……… Store in an air tight container.

NOTE : One can increase or decrease red chillies according to taste……. If Kashmiri red chillies are used , colour will be very good without being too hot.

PATHARE PRABHU CUISINE

Known as the builders of modern Mumbai, Pathare Prabhus are also known for their special cuisine…… While migrating through Rajasthan, Gujarat, Deccan, Pathare Prabhus picked up different nuances of the cuisines of these states and made it their own……. Smt.Laxmibai Dhurandhar wrote the first Marathi Cookbook called Gruhinimitra in 1910.

Pathare Prabhu cuisine, in many ways, is like the cuisine of the Konkan Region……. Due to the proximity to the sea coast, Prabhus love seafood like White pomfrets, Black pomfrets, Rawas, Ghol, large prawns, lobsters, etc…… At the core of this cuisine is their masala, Prabhi Sambhar Masala, which is a mix of various spices in definite proportions.

Except for certain occasions, the Prabhus love to have non vegetarian food throughput the year……. In earlier days, when game was allowed, their menu included pigeons, partridges, quails, rabbits and venison…….. Being lovers of non vegetarian food, the Prabhus took many traditional Maharashtrian recipes and made it their own by adding mutton, prawns, etc. to them……. Like they stuffed minced prawns in Alu chi wadi (Steamed rolled colacasia leaves), added prawns to Upma, stuffed Karanji (generally sweet) with minced mutton, etc……. They even added prawns/ Ghol fish/ dried prawns/ dried bombil (Bombay duck)/ meat to traditional Gujarati Undhiyo ( a vegetable dish made with potatoes, aubergine and seasonal vegetables) and made it their own calling it Ghada (earlier cooked in earthen pots buried under sand).

Pathare Prabhus also developed several items that are unique…… They made Pav (their version of sour dough bread) at home which goes very well with Aamras (mango purée)……. Kelebombil, fried Bombay ducks stuffed with mashed ripe bananas, is rather unique……. Prabhus picked up baking techniques from the British……… Karandi (prawn) pie is very similar to Shepherd’s pie, but with spicy prawn filling…….. Usually coconut is not used much in this cuisine…….. Grated coconut and coconut milk are used only in certain items….. Dried fruits are liberally used in their desserts.

Thus Pathare Prabhu Cuisine is an unique influenced cuisine of Maharashtra…….. Traditional with modern outlook.

CONCLUSION……. EAST INDIAN COMMUNITY CUISINE

Being the melting pot of diverse identities, East Indian Community cuisine is an interesting amalgamation of various cuisines of it’s sub groups, Portuguese and to some extent British…… Portuguese & British added meats like beef and pork…… They also added techniques like poaching and sautéing……..The Arab traders in Bassien (modern day Vasai) brought saffron…… They also taught new techniques of cooking pulaos, biriyanis and meats like mutton……Even though there is huge Portuguese influence on both the East Indians and Goans, the East Indians are very different from the Goans.

The East Indian Bottle Masala is the mainstay of this cuisine……. This masala has around 30 ingredients including a variety of spices along with Bengal gram and whole wheat……. The spices have to be dried out in strong sun…… Thus the bottle masala is generally made before the advent of Monsoon…… Each spice is then pounded in wooden mortar & pestle and then mixed by hand…… Earlier, the masalas would be kept in dark beer bottles to protect them from sunlight……. This helped in long preservation….. Each family has it’s own type of this heavily guarded secret masala.

The East Indian Community especially like to drink wine….. Wines from rice, currants, ginger, beetroot, etc. are their favourites…… In olden days, the wine glasses were made from clay and used to be the size of the tequila shot glasses of present day.

A mild sweet liquid called Toddy was obtained by tapping the palmyra and coco-palm trees…… Toddy was a daily morning beverage for farmers…… It helped in fortifying them against fatigue from working in the fields…… Also called Maria Branca, toddy was stored in wooden casks in affluent homes…… It is single distilled and is drunk warm or sweetened & spiced during festivals…… Toddy was also used as medicine…… It was given to women after childbirth.

The biggest and most extravagant festival of the East Indian Community is Christmas…….. Generally preparations for the festival begin months ahead.

Thus concluding the East Indian Community cuisine of the Konkan Region….. Looking forward to start another interesting cuisine of this region.

TAVSALI

Cucumber Cake is called by East Indian Community as Tavsali……. Tavsali gets its name from the Konkani word Tavshe……. Tavshe means cucumber……. Very easy to make, the texture of Tavsali is light, moist and soft……. Cucumber cake is generally made from large and ripe yellow cucumbers.

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INGREDIENTS : 1 large cucumber, 1 cup semolina, 1 cup jaggery, 3/4 cup fresh grated coconut, 4-5 green cardamoms, cashew nuts as needed, coconut oil/ghee.

DIRECTIONS : Wash and peel the yellow cucumber…… Cut into half…… Remove the seeds….. Grate the cucumber…… Don’t discard the cucumber juice…… Keep aside….. In the meantime, roast the semolina till fragrant….. Keep aside…. Powder the cardamoms……. Chop few cashew nuts.

Take a bowl……. Mix roasted semolina, grated cucumber with all its juice, freshly grated coconut, jaggery, cardamom powder and chopped cashew nuts…… Mix well to get a batter of medium consistency without lumps……. Keep aside for at least 1 hour.

Take a container….. Grease with ghee……. Pour the batter…….. Heat some water in the pressure cooker…… Keep the container containing batter in the pressure cooker…….20180427_004229.jpg Cover the container………20180427_004410.jpg Cover pressure cooker with lid…….20180408_115910.jpg Steam for 30-40 mins……. Check whether it is done by inserting a knife….. If the knife comes out clean, then it is done……20180427_004502.jpg Cool the cake a little and take out by inverting the container on a plate……20180427_003736.jpg Decorate with cashew nuts…….20180405_204441.jpg Serve warm…… One can also serve it with some ghee/milk…… Cucumber cake can be served wit thickened milk/condensed milk…..20180427_005006.jpg

One can bake Tavsali instead of steaming it……. Bake in preheated oven at 180 degrees for 30-45 mins.

NOTE : If yellow cucumber is not available, then one can use regular green cucumbers……. If using green cucumbers, one does not need to remove seeds…… Increase/decrease jaggery according to the sweetness required……. If the consistency of the batter is too thick, one can add a little milk/coconut milk…… On can use steamer or Electric cooker too.

ARROZ FUGATH (WEDDING PULAO)

Portuguese call the rice Arroz……. East Indian Community call their rice dishes Arroz too…… Arroz Fugath, or as the East Indians call it, Wedding Rice/Pulao, is a sweetish pulao mixed with dry fruits….. Goes very well with spicy side dishes.

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INGREDIENTS : 2 cups Basmati Rice, 400-500 gms onion, 8-10 cloves, 2″-3″cinnamon, few cashew nuts, few raisins, few cranberries (dried), salt to taste, oil, 4 cups water, boiled eggs.

DIRECTION : Wash the rice thoroughly…… Soak in water for 1/2 an hour….. Drain….. Keep aside……. Slice the onions……. Heat oil…… Fry the onions till golden brown…… Remove and keep aside…… Fry the dry fruits and keep aside.20180504_154814.jpg
Heat oil……. Add rice and half of the fried onions……20180504_155410.jpg Stir fry…….20180504_155531.jpg Add cloves, cinnamon and salt……20180506_154017.jpg Stir fry….. Add water…..20180506_153836.jpg Let the water come to a boil……. Cover…..20180506_153741.jpg Cook till done……. Garnish with Fried onions, dry fruits, boiled eggs…..20180504_163122.jpg Serve hot.

NOTE : Can use ghee (clarified butter) instead of oil……. Any dry fruits available at home can be used….. Can sprinkle coriander leaves as garnish too.

FUGIYAS

A big favourite of the East Indian Community, Fugiyas is a sort of fried bread…… Fugiyas is a must at weddings and festivities…… Slightly sweet, they are soft & spongy melt in the mouth round balls…… Fugiyas are delicious and can be had any time of the day….. Can be had with tea….. Also goes very well with meat curries like Indyal (vindaloo), sarpotel, etc.

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INGREDIENTS : 1/2 kg Maida (white flour), 1 egg, 1tsp yeast, 2tbsp sugar, salt to taste, 1/4 cup oil, water, oil to fry.

DIRECTIONS : Mix yeast & sugar with lukewarm water and keep aside to let it rise……. In the meantime, sift maida…… Warm the oil….. Now mix maida, egg, salt, risen yeast, warm oil and lukewarm water to form a smooth pliant dough……20180408_103815.jpg Cover the dough and keep aside in a warm place for at least least 2-3 hours so that the dough rises. 

Heat oil…… Wet the palms …… Hold the dough with the left hand…….20180427_005219.jpg Firmly press out through forefinger and thumb……20180427_005317.jpg With wet right hand lift the ball…..20180427_005432.jpg Drop the balls carefully in the hot oil…… Fry till light golden over medium heat….20180408_133657.jpg With slotted spoon remove the Fugiyas from oil…… Transfer to a tissue paper lined bowl….. Serve hot.

NOTE : While frying, don’t overcrowd….. Sugar can be increased or decreased according to taste.

MUTTON INDYAL

East Indian Community popularly call Vindaloo dish Indyal or Indad…… Indyal can me made with pork, chicken or fish too…. Weddings or feasts of this community must have this dish…… Best combination with Indyal is Fugiyas.

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Ingredients : 1 kg mutton, 2″ginger, 20-25 garlic cloves, 15-20 red dry Kashmiri chillies, 2 tbsp cumin, 1/4 cup sugarcane vinegar, oil, salt to taste.

Directions : Wash the mutton, apply salt and keep aside…… Roast the cumin seeds……. Soak the Kashmiri red chillies in hot water for at least 15 mins……. Grind the ginger, garlic, red Kashmiri chillies (If one wants the dish to be less hot, slit the chillies and remove the seeds) and cumin with sugarcane vinegar to make a very fine paste……20180427_004638.jpg Marinate the salted mutton with the ground paste and enough oil…..20180427_004818.jpg Add more salt if required…..20180427_004934.jpg Keep aside for at least an hour……. Place the marinated meat in pressure cooker…….20180427_005102.jpg Add water according to the gravy required and place on medium heat for about half an hour…….20180408_115910.jpg Serve hot with Fugiyas……. 20180408_132520.jpgGoes well with bread and steamed rice too.

NOTE : Marinated meat kept overnight tastes even better……. Increase or decrease chillies according to taste…… Quality & sourness of vinegar is very important, so increase or decrease it accordingly…… This dish tastes even better the next day or the day after.

CHITTAPS

Chittaps are rich, soft, porous, delicious pancakes….. These are perfect accompaniment to any gravy items….. The East Indian community prepare Chittaps either with a mixture of rice flour & maida OR rice flour & wheat flour, coconut milk, egg and yeast.

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INGREDIENTS : 2 1/2 cups rice flour, 1 1/4 cups maida (white flour), 1/2 cup coconut milk, 1/2 cup sugar, salt to taste, 2tsp yeast, 1 egg, oil.

DIRECTIONS : In about 1 tbsp lukewarm water stir in yeast with a pinch of sugar…… Set aside for some time….. Mix rice flour, maida, coconut milk, sugar, salt, yeast mix and egg well….. A little water can be added, if required……Set aside to ferment for at least 2-3 hours….. Stir batter again…. If required, add little more coconut milk to get pouring consistency.20180227_142027.jpg
Heat a nonstick pan….. Lightly grease with oil…. Pour batter with a ladle on the pan, softly spread it to form a pancake……20180227_141024.jpg Cover (to retain the heat) and cook on slow fire for a minute or two…..20180227_141144.jpg Flip….. Cook uncovered for a few seconds till done…..20180227_141246.jpg One side will be light brown and the other side whitish…… Serve hot….. Continue this procedure till all the batter is used…… Goes very well with veg / non veg gravies.

NOTE : Sugar can be adjusted according to taste….. Increase coconut milk, if required, to get pouring consistency…….East Indian community use cast iron chittap pan.