FUGIYAS

A big favourite of the East Indian Community, Fugiyas is a sort of fried bread…… Fugiyas is a must at weddings and festivities…… Slightly sweet, they are soft & spongy melt in the mouth round balls…… Fugiyas are delicious and can be had any time of the day….. Can be had with tea….. Also goes very well with meat curries like Indyal (vindaloo), sarpotel, etc.

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INGREDIENTS : 1/2 kg Maida (white flour), 1 egg, 1tsp yeast, 2tbsp sugar, salt to taste, 1/4 cup oil, water, oil to fry.

DIRECTIONS : Mix yeast & sugar with lukewarm water and keep aside to let it rise……. In the meantime, sift maida…… Warm the oil….. Now mix maida, egg, salt, risen yeast, warm oil and lukewarm water to form a smooth pliant dough……20180408_103815.jpg Cover the dough and keep aside in a warm place for at least least 2-3 hours so that the dough rises. 

Heat oil…… Wet the palms …… Hold the dough with the left hand…….20180427_005219.jpg Firmly press out through forefinger and thumb……20180427_005317.jpg With wet right hand lift the ball…..20180427_005432.jpg Drop the balls carefully in the hot oil…… Fry till light golden over medium heat….20180408_133657.jpg With slotted spoon remove the Fugiyas from oil…… Transfer to a tissue paper lined bowl….. Serve hot.

NOTE : While frying, don’t overcrowd….. Sugar can be increased or decreased according to taste.

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CHITTAPS

Chittaps are rich, soft, porous, delicious pancakes….. These are perfect accompaniment to any gravy items….. The East Indian community prepare Chittaps either with a mixture of rice flour & maida OR rice flour & wheat flour, coconut milk, egg and yeast.

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INGREDIENTS : 2 1/2 cups rice flour, 1 1/4 cups maida (white flour), 1/2 cup coconut milk, 1/2 cup sugar, salt to taste, 2tsp yeast, 1 egg, oil.

DIRECTIONS : In about 1 tbsp lukewarm water stir in yeast with a pinch of sugar…… Set aside for some time….. Mix rice flour, maida, coconut milk, sugar, salt, yeast mix and egg well….. A little water can be added, if required……Set aside to ferment for at least 2-3 hours….. Stir batter again…. If required, add little more coconut milk to get pouring consistency.20180227_142027.jpg
Heat a nonstick pan….. Lightly grease with oil…. Pour batter with a ladle on the pan, softly spread it to form a pancake……20180227_141024.jpg Cover (to retain the heat) and cook on slow fire for a minute or two…..20180227_141144.jpg Flip….. Cook uncovered for a few seconds till done…..20180227_141246.jpg One side will be light brown and the other side whitish…… Serve hot….. Continue this procedure till all the batter is used…… Goes very well with veg / non veg gravies.

NOTE : Sugar can be adjusted according to taste….. Increase coconut milk, if required, to get pouring consistency…….East Indian community use cast iron chittap pan.

EAST INDIAN POTATO CHOPS

A popular dish of this community, this is generally had on Sundays and special occasions….. Can be had as starters….. Also can be had as snacks during tea time.

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INGREDIENTS : 5-6 potatoes, 250 gms minced chicken, 4-5 onions, 8-10 garlic cloves, 1″ ginger, 2-3 green chillies, coriander leaves, 1 lemon, salt & pepper to taste, 1-2 eggs, breadcrumbs, oil for frying.

DIRECTIONS : Clean and boil potatoes till done…… Mash the potatoes with salt and knead till smooth…. Keep aside.

In the meantime, chop onions, garlic, ginger, green chillies, coriander leaves finely…… Heat 1tbsp oil….. Fry onions till slightly brown….. Add ginger, garlic and green chillies and sauté for few minutes…..20180227_140522.jpg Now add chicken mince, salt and pepper ….. 20180227_140446.jpgFry till slightly browned….. Lower the heat and continue cooking till dry…. Add the coriander leaves and lemon juice…. Mix thoroughly …..Remove from heat….. 20180227_140213.jpgKeep the stuffing aside to cool.

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To prepare chops, take a portion of mashed potatoes and flatten it to form the shape of the palm….. Make a shallow depression in the centre…..Place a portion of the stuffing in the centre….. 20180228_203559.jpgBy drawing up the sides of the potatoes, encompass the mince completely….. Shape into round chops….. Likewise make chops with the rest….. Heat oil…. Roll each of the chops in beaten eggs and then breadcrumbs…..

20180301_233001.jpgFry on slow flame till golden…. 20180301_233219.jpgServe hot.20180301_233720.jpg

NOTE : Stuffing can be made with any mince….. Mashed potatoes should not have lumps….. If mashed potatoes is sticky, one should oil one’s palm before forming chops….. One can use semolina instead of breadcrumbs.

CHICKEN CUTLET

This Cochin Jewish style cutlets are very similar to schnitzels made in Austria…….. This is one of the favourite snacks of the Cochini Jews……. Can be also had as starters.

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INGREDIENTS : 500gms Chicken breasts, 8- 10 cloves garlic, 1/2 ” ginger, 2-3 green chillies, 1/2-1 tsp black pepper powder, salt to taste, 1 lemon(optional), 1-2 eggs, 1 cup bread crumbs, 1/2 cup flour, oil as required.

DIRECTIONS : Wash & make fillets of chicken breasts…… Beat the fillet with mallet according to the thickness required……. Make a paste of garlic, ginger and green chillies……. marinate chicken fillets with the paste, black pepper powder, salt and lemon juice……… Mix bread crumbs with little salt……

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Dredge the chicken fillets in flour, then egg and finally bread crumbs to form cutlets…….

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Heat oil…. Fry the cutlets on medium heat till golden brown and crisp on both sides……

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Take out on paper towels…….. Serve hot.

NOTE : Lemon juice is optional…… Black pepper & green chillies can be reduced according to taste.

CHICKEN PASTEL

This is an old recipe, most probably, of Portuguese origin…… These are deep fried half moon parcels made with rice/flour and filled with stuffing ….. Various types of stuffings are made from different vegetables, eggs, fish, varieties of meats, etc……. Can be had as snacks/starters……

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INGREDIENTS :
For Dough : 3 cups rice flour/all purpose flour, 1 egg lightly beaten, 4tbsp melted butter, 1tbsp vegetable oil, 3/4th cup water, salt to taste.
For Stuffing : 500 gms chicken mince, 6-8 onions, few cloves garlic (optional), 1 potato, 2 carrots, 1-2 tsp black pepper powder, 1/2 tsp turmeric powder, 1-2 tbsp vinegar, 2-3 green chillies, few sprigs of coriander, salt to taste.
Oil for frying.

DIRECTIONS : Mix together butter, oil, egg and water……. Combine about 2 cups flour and salt in another bowl……… Pour egg & butter mixture slowly into the salt & flour mixture…..Keep stirring so that the flour does not clump up…… Add rest of the flour while mixing with hands……. Keep working to form a ball and till the dough is not sticking on the fingers…. Knead till the dough is very smooth…… Cover with a damp cloth and keep aside for at least for 15mins.

To make the stuffing, heat oil….. Add chopped green chilies, ground garlic & sliced onions…… Sauté…….Add finely chopped potatoes & carrots….. Sauté……. Now add in the minced chicken……..Mix in black pepper powder, turmeric powder & salt…. Cook covered till almost done and the mixture dries up…… Stir in vinegar and chopped coriander leaves….Sauté till done….. Cool.

Divide the dough in small balls….. Roll each ball out thinly…… Place a heaped spoon of stuffing on each , fold to make half moons and seal……. Deep fry these pastels in hot oil till golden brown…..Serve hot.

NOTE : If made with rice flour, covering the dough with damp cloth is a must.

 

IDDIYAPPAM

(STRING HOPPERS)

Iddiyappam is a favourite breakfast dish….. It is made by steaming & is generally had with a side dish….. The side dish is usually stew, particularly vegetable stew….. Sundays being special, it is had with Chicken stew…… Kids generally like to have iddiyappam with grated fresh coconut, ghee & sugar.

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INGREDIENTS : 2 cups rice flour, water, salt to taste, 1 tsp oil, freshly grated coconut, banana leaves.

DIRECTIONS : In a medium pan, heat water with salt & oil till it just starts boiling…….. Pour the hot water to the rice flour stirring continuously to form a dough….. For 2 cups rice flour generally 1 cup water is enough…….. The dough should be moist enough to form into logs without the dough sticking to the fingers……  img-20160630-wa0000_1.jpgIn the meantime, heat water in the iddiyappam steamer…… Place lightly oiled banana leaf (it imparts wonderful flavour) on the steamer plate & sprinkle freshly grated coconut over it……. There are various types of iddiyappam makers found in market……. img-20160630-wa0006_1.jpgTake an iddiyappam maker, oil it and place the dough in it……. Squeeze the dough in circular motion to form a pile of strings……. The pile should not be too thick, reason being it won’t steam evenly…….Place the plate in the steamer over rolling boiling water……. Cook till done, usually 2-5mins…….. Serve hot with stews.p_20160629_144703_hdr_1.jpg

NOTE : The water needs to be just hot to make the dough………if it is boiling hot then the dough will become hard & it would be difficult to press it through the iddiyappam maker…… Also one can use idli steamer to make these.

KAPPA PUZHUNGIYATHU

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(BOILED TAPIOCA WITH COCONUT)

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INGREDIENTS : Tapioca, fresh grated coconut, salt the taste, little coconut oil(optional), curry leaves(optional)

PREPARATION : Chop the tapioca into small pieces. Boil it till soft. Mix the boiled tapioca with salt & fresh coconut. Add coconut oil & curry leaves. Mix & serve.

NOTE : It is advised the that tapioca be boiled open. Also throw away the water in which kappa is boiled.